TCR Arabia - NDT and Material Testing Services in Saudi Arabia
NDT and Material Testing per ASTM API and NACE in Saudi Arabia

Visual Testing – Level II Training Class in Saudi Arabia
This in-depth course prepares a candidate to conduct Visual Examinations.

This course prepares a candidate to:
• Setup and calibrate equipment
• Interpret and Evaluate Results with respect to Applicable Codes, Standards and Specifications
• Familiar with the scope and limitations of the Methods and ability to write test reports


1. Introduction
•Definition of visual testing.
•History of visual testing applications.
•Overview of visual testing applications.

2. Definitions
•Standard terms and their meanings in the employer’s industry.

3. Fundamentals
•Materials attributes
•Environmental factors
•Visual perception
•Direct and indirect methods

4. Equipments (as applicable)
•Closed-circuit television
•Light sources and special lighting
•Gages, templates, scales, micrometers, calipers, special tools, etc.
•Automated System
•Computer-enhanced systems

5. Manufacturing Processes
•Inherent and Processing Discontinuities
•Casting and its defects
•Forging, rolling, drawing and defects
•Surface Texture

6. In-Service Defects
• Wear

7. Welding
•Expectations of a weld
•Welding terms
•Welding processes: SMAW, GTAW, GMAW, & FCAW
•Welding codes: ASME, AWS, API and NBIC
•Welding filler materials (F and A numbers)
•Base materials (P numbers)
•Weld nomenclature (parts of a weld)
•Welding joints
•Welding symbols
•Welding defects: Their causes, detection, repairs, and prevention
•Inspection acceptance criteria: ASME and AWS
•What is the purpose of a visual welding inspector?
•Weld inspection tools: Fillet welds gage, high-low gage, stud weld test gage, etc.
•Heat treatments
•Pumps and Valves

8. Employer-Defined Application
(Includes a description of inherent, processing and service discontinuities)
•Materials-based materials
•Metallic materials, including welds.
•Organic-based materials
•Other materials (employer-defined)

9. Visual Testing to specific procedures
•Selection of parameters
1) Inspection objectives
2) Inspection checkpoints
3) Sampling plans
4) Inspection patterns
5) Documented procedures
•Test standards/calibrations
•Classification of indications per acceptance criteria
• Reports and documentation.

10. Vision
•The eye
•Vision Limitations
•Employer’s vision examination methods

11. Lighting
•Fundamentals of light
•Lighting measurements
•Recommended lighting levels
•Lighting techniques for inspection

12. Materials Attributes

13. Environmental and Physiological Factors
•Mental attitude

14. Visual Perception
•What your eyes see
•What your mind sees
•What others perceive
•What the designer, engineer, etc. wants you to see

15. Equipments
•Automated systems
•Close-circuit television
•Computer based systems
•Gages, micrometers, calipers, templates, scales, etc.
•Imaging systems
•Light sources and special lighting.
•Special optical systems
•Standard lighting

16. Employee-Defined Application
•Mineral-based material
•Metallic materials(including welds)
•Organic-based materials
•Other materials and products(employer defined)

17. Acceptance/Rejection Criteria
•Subjective basis (qualitative)
•Objective basis (quantitative)
•Evaluation of results per acceptance criteria.

18. Recording and Reports
•Subjective methods
•Objective methods
•Recording methods

Visual Inspection Codes
• AWS D1.1 (steel), D1.2 (Aluminum)
• ASME Section I, V, VIII, 31.1, 31.3

Evaluate defects in Weld Samples

• General
• Specific
• Practical

Candidates must score a minimum of 70 % in each test and a minimum of 80% average for all the three tests.

The duration of this course is for 3 days and it is conducted by NDT experts from TCR Arabia. Students will be given an ASNT Level II certificate at the end of this course.

All courses, unless specified in advanced with the client will be conducted at TCR Arabia’s training room at its office in Dammam located at:

TCR Arabia Company Limited
P.O. Box-3422
# 3 & 4, next to Al Kifah Construction
besides Al-Kadi Tent Factory
near King Abdulaziz Sea Port
Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(T) +966-3-8475784/8475785
(F) +966-3-8475768
(M) +966-504997683
Attention: Syed Ameen Hassan (M) 00966-504997683

Dates for scheduling of each class will be announced when a minimum of at least 6 students sign up for a given batch.